Us Trade Agreements With China
While updates on the trade war have informed investors of much of the past two years, the official signing of the agreement has been greeted with a shrug. The S-P 500 increased by about 0.2%. An indicator for semiconductor companies, which were particularly sensitive to the trade war, fell by more than 1 percent. The trade war has had a negative impact on the economies of the United States and China.    In the United States, this has led to higher prices for consumers and financial hardship for farmers. In China, the trade war contributed to the slowdown in economic and industrial output growth, which was already declining. Many U.S. companies have relocated to other Asian countries by supply chain, raising fears that the trade war could lead to an economic “decoupling” between the United States and China.  In other countries, the trade war has also caused economic damage, although some countries have benefited from increased production to fill the gaps. It has also caused instability in the stock markets. Governments around the world have taken steps to repair some of the damage caused by economic conflict.     More generally, the WTO system is not threatened – as China claims – when a member takes steps to address harmful policies that are not directly covered by WTO rules.
On the contrary, what threatens the WTO is when a member, such as China, asserts that the mere existence of the WTO prevents any action taken by a member to combat unfair and distorted trade policies, unless those policies are currently subject to WTO dispute settlement…. If the WTO is seen instead as a protection for members who opt for a policy that has been proven to undermine the fairness and balance of the international trading system, the WTO and the international trading system will lose all credibility and support among our citizens.209 China responded on 4 April with a list of various American products, including soybeans. , aircraft, vehicles and parts that would be subject to 25% valuation rates if Section 301 tariffs came into effect in the United States. On the same day, China launched a WTO dispute settlement procedure against the United States over the Action of Section 301.211 On April 5, President Trump asked the USTR to propose additional tariffs on $100 billion worth of Chinese products. On the same day, USTR Robert Lighthizer issued a statement at President Trump`s request and said that a November 2019 Financial Times article indicated that the trade war since August 2019 had hit U.S. producers harder than the Chinese producer.  [It needs to be updated] Meanwhile, President Trump has made efforts to establish a harmonious and positive relationship with China – and especially with Xi Jinping – and said that his efforts were goals to promote trade negotiations. Trump has publicly praised Xi`s strength and leadership, while he has been reluctant in the face of high bilateral tensions over private commitments. Instead, Trump would have used his private exchanges with Xi to push him to respect his personal priorities, most of them in trade negotiations and North Korea intermittently.
Technology is considered the most important part of the U.S. economy.  According to U.S. Trade Representative Robert E. Lighthizer, China is pursuing a policy of “forced technology transfer” at the same time as the exercise of “state capitalism,” including the purchase of U.S. technology companies and the use of cyber-flights to obtain technologies.  As a result, in early 2018, Trump administration officials took steps to prevent state-controlled Chinese companies from buying U.S. technology companies and attempted to prevent U.S.
companies from transferring their key technologies to China as entry costs.  According to political analyst Josh Rogin: “There was a belief that the Chin