Ahmed, Zafar. 2016. ECNEC approves a Tk 1.80 billion project for the development of 111 former enclaves. Bdnews24.com, January 5, 2016. Available online. For the inhabitants of the 51 enclaves, the main problems are the unavailability of land documents and not a set of rehabilitation or jobs. But for the other part of 922 people who came to India and found refuge in the settlement camps, the problems are much more serious. Nevertheless, some local residents have not yet received their voter cards. In Madhya Mashaldanga, for example, there are eight families without a voter card.  As a result, they still fall into the category of illegal aliens when travelling to places outside their enclave. They are waiting for their voter card and food cards. The list of enclaves was drawn up by both countries in 1997. Two joint boundary working groups were formed in 2001 to elaborate the details of the enclaves.
A joint census was conducted in May 2007. In September 2011, India signed the Additional Protocol to the 1974 Border Agreement with Bangladesh.  The two nations announced plans to trade 162 enclaves to give residents the choice of nationality.    An enclave is a territory (or part thereof) entirely surrounded by the territory of another state.  Enclaves may also exist within territorial waters. :60 The enclave is sometimes misused to designate territory that is only partially surrounded by another state.  Vatican City State and San Marino, both proclaimed by Italy, and Lesotho, landlocked by South Africa, are totally landlocked sovereign states. An enclave is a part of a State or territory geographically separated from the main part by the surrounding foreign territory (one or more States).  Many enclaves are also enclaves, but not necessarily so; an enclave can be surrounded by multiple states.
 The Azerbaijani enclave of Nashivan is an example of an enclave that is not an enclave (on the border with Armenia, Turkey and Iran).  Atig Ghosh, “Words of law, worlds of loss: the stateless people of the Indo-Bangladeshi enclaves,” In The State of Being Stateless: An account of South Asia, published by Paula Banerjee, Anasua Basu Chaudhury and Atig Ghosh, New Delhi: Orient Blackswan Publication, 2015, p.20-49. For the thousands of former landlocked people who stayed at home, life goes on in the same way as before the exchange. . . .