Agreement After 1965 War
By early 1965, relations between India and Pakistan were again strained due to their conflicting claims to the Rann of Kutch, at the southern end of the international border. The situation continued to deteriorate during the summer of 1965, and in August large-scale military hostilities broke out between India and Pakistan along the ceasefire line in Kashmir. In his report15 of 3 September 1965, the Secretary-General stressed that the ceasefire agreement of 27 July 1949 had failed and that a return of India and Pakistan to mutual respect would provide the most favourable climate for attempting to resolve political differences. It was once believed that the 1965 war was initiated by India to conquer Lahore and break Pakistan. The celebrations focused on the “courageous defense” of the Pakistani forces that defeated this goal. Despite the declaration of a ceasefire, India was seen as the winner because of its success in fighting the Pakistan-backed Kashmir insurgency.  In its October 1965 issue, TIME magazine quoted a Western official who was assessing the consequences of the war – in Pakistan, on Ayub`s orders, a “cashmere cell” was created within his Foreign Ministry to prepare two plans – Operation Gibraltar and Operation Grand Slam – to promote/support sabotage/guerrilla operations. These operations were prepared by the Pak Army under the supervision of General Akhtar Malik GOC Division 12. Ayub traveled to Murree on 13 May 1965 to attend operations training. It was learned that at this meeting, Ayub proposed that Akhnoor be captured in order to cut off the supply of Indian forces in the J&K. The war between India and Pakistan in 1965 was an escalation of small irregular fighting between the two countries from April 1965 to September 1965.  This was the control of the resources and population of the state of Jammu and Kashmir, a sore point between the two countries since partition in 1947.  Shortly after the Tashkent Agreement, the military commanders of the two sides met and resolved among themselves the various problems related to their implementation.
The withdrawal of troops was completed until 30 January and the withdrawal of all armed forces in pre-war positions was completed by 25 February. “The 1965 war has been forgotten by people and it is an attempt to revive memory,” said former journalist Nitin Gokhale, who was commissioned by the Defense Ministry to write a book about the conflict. The myth of “victory” was born after the end of the war to, on the one hand, counter India`s claims to victory and, on the other hand, protect the Ayub regime and the army from criticism. One of the reasons for this is the death of the generation in 1965. Second, the threat of militant attacks over the past decade has forced military parades, air shows, and weapons demonstrations to become more reluctant. The Council also called for the immediate and unconditional implementation of the proposal that India and Pakistan have already approved in principle, that their representatives meet with a representative of the Secretary-General to formulate an agreed plan and timetable for withdrawal. In this context, after consultation with the parties, Brigadier General Tulio Marambio (Chile) appointed his representative for withdrawals. .